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U S ARMY AIR FORCE

U S ARMY AIR FORCE

Bomb Group patch The unit was established as the 98th Bomb Group (Heavy) on January 28,1942 at Barksdale Field , Shreveport, Louisiana. It activated at MacDill Field, Tampa, Florida on February 3,1942 with B-24 Liberator bombers, and continued training at Fort Meyers and Drane Field, Florida. The 98th was initially manned by a cadre of men from the 44th Bomb Group who were shortly joined by the crews who would form the group. During the phase training in Florida, at least two B-24s were damaged. One occurred on June 24, 1942 in plane do my essay for money number 41-1131 piloted by Joe Kilgore. A second plane, tail number 41-1137, flown by Francis Menge was damaged on June 24, 1942. All of the aircraft used in phase training were transferred to another unit at the completion of the training by the 98th. During the training in Florida, several 98th crews were selected by Col. Harry (Hurry up Harry) Halverson to join the group he was forming to preform a special mission ordered by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The mission was to fly 23 B-24 bombers to bases in China and conduct bombing raids on Japan. The operation which became known as the Halverson Project (HALPRO) was terminated upon arriving in Egypt because the Japanese had over-run the Chinese bases they were to use for the raids.   98thVol2Page62a 98thVol2Page61b 98thVol2Page61a 98thVol2Page60b 98thVol2Page60a 98thVol2Page59b 98thVol2page59a 98thVol2Page62b The 98th was alerted for movement overseas and departed for the Middle East on July 15, 1942in new B-24D aircraft. After several stops and layovers, the aircrew and minimal support staff arrived in Palestine in late July. With the aircraft being serviced by Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel, the first combat mission on August 1st when they struck Mersa Metruh. The 98th’s maintenance men and the remainder of the support staff arrived about August 19th after a voyage by troop ship and a trip by rail and truck. The group moved to bases in Egypt in November for a couple of months. In early 1943, the unit was located at various bases in the “Western Desert” in Libya and Tunisia. In November the 98th moved to several bases in the “Boot Heel” area of Italy and in early 1944 it settled at Lecce.

B24 Ground Crew Repair BriefingRoom DesertAfternoon DesertGroundCrew EngineOverhaul Lunchtime MealTime PalmRoom KateSmith Marge B24 Ground Crew Repair 12_98th TentArea Palestine 98th Raunchy 98thVol2Page101d 11_98th Unit Picture baner5

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The 98th was initially assigned to the USMEAF (United States Middle East Air Force). However, USMEAF was dissolved on November 12, 1942, and the 98th came under the 9th Air Force (9thAF). Following a realignment of U.S. forces in the fall of 1943, the 98th was placed under the 12th Air Force (12thAF) for a couple of months and on November 1, 1943 the unit was assigned to the 15th Air Force (15thAF) where they remained until April 1945.

The 98th Bomb Group’s most famous mission was the Low Level raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, the first anniversary of the group’s first combat mission. On this mission, of the 48 B-24’s that launched, only 40 made the bomb run. One crashed on take-off, and seven turned back for various reasons. Fifteen aircraft were shot down in the target area, and four were lost on the return leg. Eight planes landed at allied airfields and 13 returned to Benghazi.

Of the approximately 480 aircrewmen who flew on the raid 141 were killed in action, 35 became prisoners of war of the Romanians, 4 evaded and were returned by Yugoslavian Partisans. Distinguished Flying Crosses were awarded to every crewmember, there were ten awards of the Silver Star, four Distinguished Service Crosses, and Col. John “Killer” Kane was awarded the Medal of Honor.

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ROOSTER OF CREWS ON THE LOW LEVEL RAID, AUG. 1, 1943.
Note: Some aircraft were flown by crews form other groups.
41-11803-E; Rosie Wrecked Em 42-40208-K; The Sad Sack
P HERBERT W. ARENS P WILLIAM D. BANKS
CP Hamlin Kitteridge CP Carl F. Root
N Joe A. Ellison N Theodore C. Stewart
B Thomas J. Shyrock B Joseph L. Souza
WG Charles A. Lawson WG Earl Rice
TT Warren O. Kidder WG Durward A. Carbury
R Martin H. Malony TG Wilson W. Cain
TB Ancil C. Holman G Floyd M.Pleasant
WG Harry L. Kaminski TT Walter A.Golec
TG Joseph J. Fasano G Henry Richotte
Turned back, landed on Malta. Completed mission, landed on Cyprus.
42-40082-T; SCARLET O’HARA 42-40316-X; SNAKE EYES
P THOMAS W. BENNETT P HILIARY M. BLEVINS
CP Kenneth C. Gray CP James E. O’Grady (93rd)
N Raymond C. Meyers N William Toles (389th )
B Vernon L. Miller B Harold G. Moore (389th)
TB John P. Jones E Harold G. Knotts (389th)
R Jules E. Livingston R Mark B. Webber (389th)
TG Sameuel W. Greelee TG John Propst (389th)
WG Nelson C. Scott G Norris F. Dietrich (389th)
WG Robert H. Nettleton G Barner F. Clemens (389th, WIA)
Turned back. WG Ernest V. Martin (389th,KIA)
Battle damage at target, landed Sicily.

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41-11896-U; NIGHTMARE 41-23733-J; SKIPPER
P JULIAN N. BLEYER P George P. COLCHAGOFF
CP David S. Watt CP Lorin P. Kinkaid (376th)
N Charles M. Parker N Robert K. Lamberts
B Jack H. Rumsey B James W. Kendall
TT Russel E. Burton TT William N. Wellons
R Bobby E. McCowa WG Robert J. Ruhl
TG Robert E. Looke R William Y. Cox, Jr.
WG Frank B. Kozak TG Thomas Hubbard
WG Francis Beauregard TB Mayron H. Kinsley
PHO Jerry Joswick WG Charles L. Peterson
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. Turned back.
41-11840-P; THE WITCH (389TH CREW) 42-40991-Q; KATE SMITH
P JULIAN T. DARLINGTON (POW-BUL) P JAMES A. DEEDS (KIA)
CP Daryl P. Epp (EV-YUGO) CP Clifton C. Foster (POW-ROM)
N Joseph N. Quiglley Jr. (POW-BUL) N Francis V. Montemurro (KIA)
B Major R. Gillette (EV-YUGO) B Theordore F. Scarborough (KIA)
TT Lloyd W. Brisbi (POW_BUL,WIA) TT Frank E. Leising (KIA)
R Dale G. Hulsey (EV-YUGO) R James M. Howie (KIA)
G Ned A. Howard (POW-BUL) TG Donald A. internet pharmacy canada Pimlott (KIA)
WG Anthony J. Rauba (POW-BUL) G Joseph T. Cupina (KIA)
G Joseph J. Turley (POW-BUL) G John W. Potts (KIA)
TG Walter D. Hardiek (EV-YUGO) G Adolph Olenik(KIA)
Shot down by fighters on return leg. Shot how much is cialis without insurance down in the target area.

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42-40102-T; OLD BALDY 41-24040-F; BIG OPERATOR
P JOHN J. DORE, JR. (KIA) P HOOVER EDWARDS
CP John B. Stallings (KIA) CP Homer S. McCullom
N Worthington A. Franks (KIA) N John R. Fontenrose
B Joseph E. Finneran (KIA) B Albert J. Mickish
TT Frank A Norris (KIA) E Bernard M Boullioun
R Max W. Lower (KIA) TT Gene J. Colley
TG Wesley L Jones (KIA) R Dale E. Petty
WG Stanley R. Packer (KIA) TG Raymond Waters
G Joseph R. Iosco (KIA) WG John S. Alesauskas
G Ray L. Gleason (KIA) WG Vernon C. Utter
Shot down in the target area. Turned back.
41-11815-G; DAISY MAE (389th crew) 41-11774-O; CHIEF(389th crew)
P LEWIS N. ELLIS P THOMAS P. FRAVEGA
CP Callistus E. Fager CP James R. Morgan
N Julis K. Klenkbell N Joseph W. Parshall
B Guido Gioana (WIA) B Edward Strickbine
TT Arthur T. Waugh TT Oscar F. McWhirter
TG Nicholas C. Hunt R Anthony T. Fravega
TB Carl A. Alfredson TG James Gabehart
R Owen J. Coldiron WG Bronislaus C. Pitak
WG Blasé B. Dillman WG Geroge H. Parramore
WG James W. Ayers (WIA) TB Eric Hurt
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. Completed mission, landed in Sicily.

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41-23656-H; ROWDY II 42-41007-P; MARGIE
P ALLEN B. GASTON P CLARENCE W. GOODEN (KIA)
CP Daniel J. Mullins CP Jerome D. Savaria (POW-ROM, WIA)
N Hubert Skembare N Ralph F. Perkins Jr. (KIA)
B George C. Roman B William H. McNeil (KIA)
E James T. McKinley T Michael J. Trick (POW-ROM,WIA)
TT Bernard E. Arciero R Theodore C. Beaudry (KIA)
TG Thomas Kincaid G George H. Kaylor (KIA)
TB Leslie A. Johnson G Harry G. Deem (KIA)
WG Harry J. Flanagan G Alexander M. Cockrane (KIA)
WG Torsten W. Ahlbeck G Roland B. Cox (KIA)
Turned back. Shot down in the target area.
42-40364-Y; PRINCE CHARMING 42-40655-S; DAMFINO
(389TH CREW)
P JAMES A. GUNN III (KIA) P LAWRENCE HADOCK (KIA)
CP Richard C. Williamson (KIA) CP John P. Kraft (KIA)
N Bernard E. Leimbach (KIA) N William R. DeBusk (KIA)
B Robert E. Courtney (KIA) B Peter A. Timpo (389th, KIA)
TT Edwin L. Turner (KIA) TT James B. Hale (KIA)
R Delmar E. Smith (KIA) R Lawrence E. Reitz (KIA)
G Stanley M. Horine (POW-BUL) TG Zelwood A. Gravlin (KIA)
G Fredrick L. Stukey Jr. (KIA) G Robert C. Elliot (KIA)
G Charles R. Rurak (KIA) G Eugene O. O’Mara (389th, KIA)
Shot down by fighters on return leg. Shot down in the target area.

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41-24311-L; HADLEY’S HAREM 41-23661-U; BLACK JACK
P GILBERT B. HADLEY (KIA) P DELBERT H. HAHN
CP James R. Lindsey (KIA) CP John W. Viers
N Harold Tabacoff (INT-TKY, WIA) N Nathan Nowak
B Leon M. Storms (KIA) B Raymond F. Vengelen
TT Russell B. Page (INT-TKY) TT Robert L. Baird
TB William F. Leonard (INT-TKY) R James E. Creighton
TG Frank Nemeth (INT-TKY) TG Isadore I Klein
G Pershing W. Waples (INT-TKY) G Leslie J. Foster
WG Leroy Newton (INT-TKY) G John H Chapman
WG Christopher N. Holweger (INT-TKY) G Curtis Washburn
Damaged at target, crashed in Turkey. Completed mission, landed in Sicily.
41-23782-E; BOILERMAKER II 41-24197-A; TAGALONG
P THEODORE E. HELIN (POW-ROM) P RALPH V. HINCH(KIA)
CP Charles E. Smith (POW-ROM,389th) CP Charles C. Barbour (KIA)
N Albert M. Arnson (POW-ROM) N James G. Taylor (KIA)
B Maynard G. Hubbard (POW-ROM) B StanleyJ. Samoski (KIA)
TT Harry C. Opp (POW-ROM) TT Robert F. Mead (POW-ROM)
E Arthur W. White (POW-ROM) R Paul F. Eschelman (KIA)
TG Delbert R. Warner (POW-ROM) TG Harry G. Baughn (POW-ROM)
TB Raymond C. Walaczaka (POW-ROM) TB Donald G. Wright (POW-ROM)
WG Peter C. Passalacqua (POW-ROM) WG Robert C. Coleman (POW-ROM)
William M. Zeger (POW-ROM)Shot sown in the target area. Delmar M. Schweiger (POW-ROM)Shot down in the target area.

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41-11886-S; LIL JOE 41-11761-R; SLEEPY

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P LINDLEY P. HUSSEY (POW-ROM,WIA) P DONALD G. JOHNSON
CP Donald Jenkins (KIA) CP John P. Foley
N Phillip E. Nelson (KIA) N Lloyd E. Holoway Jr.
B Allan E. Peterson (KIA) B Charles K. Warren
TT Lloyd T. Fowler (KIA) E Thomas O’Leary
R Edmond T. Terry (POW-ROM,WIA) R Louis J. McNamara
TG Roy E. Carney (KIA) G Robert C. Lindsey
WG Raymond Heisner (POW-ROM,WIA) G John Onysczak
G James E. Turner (POW-ROM,WIA) G William A. Cornut
Shot down in the target area. G Yves J. Gouin
Completed mission, retruned to Benghazi.
41-11825-V; HAIL COLUMBIA 41-23795-I; THE SQUAW (SNEEZY)
P JOHN R. KANE P ROYDEN L. LeBRECHT
CP John S. Young CP Clinton H. Killian
N Norman M. Whalen N Grover A. Zink
B Harold F. Korger B James H. Faulkner
WG Fredrick A. Leard WG Harold F. Weir
TG William Leo TT John A. Givens
R Raymond B. Hubbard WG John R. Rielly
TB Joseph J. Labranche TG John Guani
TT Harvey L. Treace TB Paul E. Davidson
WG Neville C. Benson G John S. Potvin (Photographer)
Completed mission, crash landed Cyprus. Completed mission, landed on Cyprus.

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41-11767-Q; SHANGHAI LIL 41-11836-I; LIL DE-ICER
P CARL S. LOOKER P JAMES L. MERRICK
CP George L. Clark CP Howard A. Schaufele
N Mereau E. Stoddard N Elton R. Stutling
B David D. Mease B Jerome S. Victor
E Gregory B. Crock TT Hugh D. Nelson
R Milton P. Remley WG Robet J. Cooper
G Louis R. Strong TG William D. Isaacson
WG Joseph A. Henaire WG Edward L.Haydek
WG Fred M. Dugger Jr. G Eugene M. Gambrell (Photographer)
G Julius A. Baca G Eugene P. Tomlinson
Turned back. Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.
41-23766-V; CHUGALUG 42-40313-X; BOOTS
P LEROY B. MORGAN P LAWRENCE E. MURPHY(KIA)
CP Hosea W. Rich CP Gilbert H. Kyer (KIA)
N Victro H. Larson (WIA) N Joseph T. Rotundo (KIA)
B Chaplin J. Watkins B William S. Havens (KIA)
TT James Van Ness (KIA) TT John B. DeLaloire (KIA)
R Robert L. Tipton (WIA) R William L. Popham (KIA)
TG Norbert I. Petri G Edward J. Amand (KIA)
G Norman I. Cupp TG Donald P. Sowers (KIA)
G Forrest D. Hundley G Harold N. Yost (POW-ROM)
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. G Thomas McGrath (POW-ROM,WIA)Shot down in the target area.

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42-40322-K; THE CORNHUSKER 41-11776-O; JERSEY JACKASS
(389TH Crew)
P NED McCARTY (KIA) P JOHN J. McGRAW (POW-ROM)
CP Clyde E. Miller (KIA) CP Charles D. Cavit (POW-ROM)
N Joseph F. Moore (KIA) N Robert J. Senff (KIA)
B Robert L. Price (KIA) B George F. Giblin (KIA)
WG Claude C. Roberts (KIA) TT Warren T. Townley (KIA)
TT Dewey O. Jackson (KIA) R Albert H. Wilmes (KIA)
TG Glenn D. Darr (KIA) TG William P. Sheridan (KIA)
TB Glenn L. Koontz (KIA) G James A. Utley (KIA)
WG Stephen Wargo (KIA) G John R. Ross (POW-ROM)
G Clayton E. Ballard (KIA) Shot down in the target area.
Shot down by fighters on return leg.
42-40520-M; YEN-TU 41-11819-G; RAUNCHY
P EDWARD T. McGUIRE (KIA) P SAMUEL R. NEELEY (KIA)
CP James H. Marrah (KIA) CP Herman H. Henslee (KIA)
N Max H. Shweitz (KIA) N Joel I. Corn (KIA)
B Russell H. Godde (KIA) B Eugene L. Rodgen (KIA)
WG Turner Y. Johnson (KIA) WG Earl T. Edelen (KIA)
TT Harry G. Konecny(KIA) TT Robert P. Schultz (KIA)
TG Moses F. Tate (KIA) R William W. Schiffmacher (POW-ROM)
TB James R. Waltman (POW-ROM) TG Charles P Geers (KIA)
G Robert Rans (POW-ROM) TB Nick A. Allen (POW-ROM,WIA)
WG Clark S. Fitzpatrick (POW-ROM) WG Alfred D. Cason (KIA)
Shot down in the target area. Shot down in the target area.

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41-11768-I; KICKAPOO 42-63758-D; LIL JUGHAID

P ROBERT J. NESPOR (KIA) P ROBERT G. NICHOLSON
CP John C. Riley (93rd, KIA) CP Harry J. Baker
N Russel W. Polivka (93rd, WIA) N Oscie K. Parker (WIA)
B Thurman L. Ward (93rd, KIA) B Boyden Supiano (WIA)
TT Vaun D. Wenrich (93rd, KIA) WG Joseph C. Redfield
R Armand R. Massart (93rd, KIA) TT Walter Cybulski
G Eugene R. Garner (93rd, WIA) TG Clarence A. Laidlaw
G George W. Lawlor (93rd, KIA) TB Manuel R. Rangel
G John P. D’Armour (93rd, KIA) WG Roy B. McCracken
G Edwin G. Sliwa (93rd, KIA) G Donald J. Osburn
Crashed on academic proofreading service uk take off. Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.
41-11817-H; THE STINGER (389th Crew) 42-40662-A; BLACK MAGIC
P ANDREW W. OPSTATA P DWIGHT D. PATCH
CP Louis R. Quaglino CP John C. Parks
N Howard J. LaLonde N Phillip G. spy on his cell phone Papish
B Donald N. DiCosoe B William J. Reynolds
WG Charles P. Quinlan WG Ellis J. Bonorden (WIA)
TT Paul A. Nicholson TT Richard F. Fulcher
TG William G. Pimm G Kenneth W. Parish
G John H. Gormey (WIA) TB John A. Ditullio
G John M. OakesRaymond L. Thomas G Joseph J. McHune (WIA) Richard E. Parker
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.

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41-40195-B; LITTLE JOE 42-40973-Z; BATTLEAXE
P WESLEY N. PETTIGREW P CHARLES A. SLAYER (389th)
CP Willliam J. Bergan CP Nicholas G. Cilli (389th)
N John F. Staehle N James S. Grover (389th)
B Oeva A.Weijanen B Walter E. Mackey
TT Lawerence L. Scholl TT Roy D. Hammond (389th)
R Lowell A. Folks R George Aguayo
TG James O. Leming TG John A. Verbitski (389th)
TB Jack L.Swafford WG Ralph C. Wessel (389th)
WG Howard E. Leon WG Harold L. Pace (389th)
WG Emiel F. DeBaets Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.
41-24023-T; FERTILE MYRTLE 41-24195-F; PENELOPE
P HERBERT I. SHINGLER, JR. P MARTIN A. SPEISER
CP Lyle A. Spencer CP Daniel H. Walls
N Albert V. Freeman Jr. N Robert C. Stephens
B Jack W. Kaboth B William E. Wright
WG Robert H. Johnson WG Donald C. Yocum
TT George W. Fulfer TT Warren A. Orr
TG Edward F. McSweeney TG Larry M. McCabe
TB Ernest F. Knutson TB Elbert M. Payne
WG Seth G. Ely WG Crosby M. Smith
G John W Morgan (389th) WG Roy J. Foy
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. Completed mission, returned to Benghazi.

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42-40402-W; THE SANDMAN 42-24246-N; SEMPER SEMPER FELIX
P ROBERT W. STERNFELS P AUGUST W. SULFLOW(KIA)
CP Barney Jackson CP Leroy P. Schlenker (KIA)
N Anthony W. Flesch N Phillip P. Miller (KIA)
B David A. Polaschek B Anel B. Shay Jr. (KIA)
T William W. Stout TT Leonard E. Reger (KIA)
R Frank Just R William Treichler (POW-ROM,WIA)
TG John T. Weston TG Vincent L. Politte (KIA)
TB Raymond E. Stewart G Norman L. Meyer (KIA)
WG Harry Rifkin G Henry A. Gallas (KIA)
WG Merle B. Bolen G Jack O. Samson (KIA)
Completed mission, landed on Cyprus. Shot down in the target area.
41-24198-C; VULGAR VIRGIN 41-40312-Y; AIRE LOBE
P WALLACE C. TAYLOR (POW-ROM,WIA) P JOHN B. THOMAS(KIA)
CP Paul W. Packer (KIA) CP David M. Lewis (KIA)
N Jack K. Wood (KIA) N Robert D. Nash (POW-ROM,WIA)
B Robert N. Austin (KIA) B George McCandless (KIA)
TT Gerald E. Rabb (KIA) TT Elijah D. Johnson (KIA)
R Alfred F. Turgeon (KIA) R Eugene E. Gough (KIA
TG Donald R. Duchene (KIA) TG Richard G. Salisbury (KIA)
TB Arthur B. Van Kleeck (KIA) G George E. Davies (KIA)
WG Ralph M. Robbins (KIA) G Eldon L. Carter (KIA)
WG Louis Kaiser (KIA) G William A. Kneisl (KIA)
Shot down in the target area. Shot down in the target area.

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41-11921-W; NORTHERN STAR 42-40663-P; MATERNITY WARD
P GLENN W. UNDERWOOD P JOHN V. WARD (POW-Italy)
CP Jean W. Gambrill CP Andrew L. Anderson (POW-Italy)
N Edward Rothkrug N Beverly S. Huntly (KIA)
B Robert J. Judy B Henry C. Crump, Jr. (KIA)
TT Clement S. Badeau TT James J. Toth (KIA)
R Ernest E. Sestina R Leon D. Pemberton (KIA)
TG Francis S. Beatty TG Robert E. Long (KIA)
WG Henry B. English G Kenneth L. Turner (KIA)
WG Rexford H. Rhodes G Harold W. Scott (KIA)
Completed mission, returned to Benghazi. G William J. Fay (KIA)
Shot down in the target area.
41-24026-B; BABY 41-11260; EDNA ELIZABETH
(93rd crew)
P FRANCIS E. WEISLER P JAMES C. HAVERLY
CP Francis A. McClellan CP Harold E. Estes
N Paul M. Warrenfeltz N Fredrick E. Mueller
B Joseph L. Nagy B Charles E. Mundell
WG Wayne H. Rutledge FE Jack Henderson
R Paul A. Joyce R Ernest L. Antoine
TT Arlo D. Beem G Max E. Shelly
TG Malcomb D. Smith G Henry O. Dooley
TB Adney J. Harmon G Edwin Gibson
WG Chester R. Dell G Harwell Clmments
Completed mission, landed on Cyprus. Turned back.

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MISSION SUMMARY: LEDGEND:

TOOK-OFF: 48 BUL-Bulgaria CRASHED: 1 ROM-Romania TURNED BACK: 7 YOGO-Yugoslavia MADE BOMB RUN: 40 KIA-Killed in Action DOWN IN TARGET AREA: 15 WIA-Wounded in Action DOWN ON RETURN LEG: 4 EV-Evaded Capture LANDED ON ALLIED AIRFIELDS: 8 POW- Prisoner of War RETURNED TO BENGHAZI: 13 INT-Interned MissionSheetWeb 2_98thTheVulgarVirginShotDown 4_98thBoilerMakerCrew 30_Legacy98th Ode To PloestiPage 142 I was born in Romania in 1893: my mother-Princess Cantacuene, my father-Prince Kretulesco. When I was three, he took me off to an orphanage in England under a false name. After my mother’s death in 1906, he moved me to France under a false name. Helped by an Aunt, I returned to Romania in 1908, and the Courts gave me my mother’s family. In 1914 I wed Prince Caradja, then World War I started. When in the fall of 1916 half of our country fell to the Germans, I fled to the free side with two children, a one year old and a10 day old. Six months later I started work with a 30-bed hospital for typhus cases and later caught the fever myself. In the fall of 1918,after the Armistice, I returned to Bucharest. Through the years searching for me, my mother had built a Foundation for orphans. The Motto: A mother who lost her child, for children who lost their mothers. After her death, her mother took it over. In 1919, I found her tired and I took over. I built up the Foundation and added a foster-home section in 12 villages near our estate. In 1920 I had our third daughter. In 1933, I lost a child of 14 after a short illness in Vienna. My eldest was killed, with her husband in an earthquake in 1940. My last child escaped to the West in 1948. I worked with the Foundation through the Nazi occupation in 1940 and the bombing of the oil refineries by the Allies. My land was nearby and one of the planes crashed there. I helped that crew and 100 other surviving flyers in their POW camps in 1943, and also over 1,000 others who fell then in 1944. The Foundation now held over 3,000 children. I worked on them through the Red Invasion in the fall of 1944, and the ensuing Red government until 1949, when all was taken over by the state. I also lost all that I still had. With nothing now to hold me, I accepted my last daughter’s offer to try to get me out. After several attempts, I escaped in early 1952. Then I gave over 150 talks in France about “Life Behind the Iron Curtain.” Every summer I spoke in London on the BBC Network. I spent the winter of 1954-55 in Algiers after the earthquake, organizing some child relief for a friend, and also giving talks in Algeria and Morocco, stressing there the persecution in all our captive nations of all religions, even the Moslem minorities. At last I got permission to enter the United States in December 1955. Since then I have spoken in all 50 states and all of Canada and have seen 90 of my first POWs and about 900 of the later fallen ones. Dear friends of the 98th Bomb Group, at my age (I will be 97 in 1990), I cannot travel as I used to! So I will not see you at your next reunion. I am still on tour, though, to the 1,400 men who fell in my country, many of whom I met during reunions. I am concerned the Reds are not changed and Russia itself is still a danger to you. Gorbachev wants to relax his hold, but without losing power and that is difficult. If he fails, the next one may be less accommodating and their army is still intact. I can only repeat, keep your hopes high but also keep your powder dry. You can also call on the Lord. He said that if you do He will come to your aid, so pray to Him! I also pray to Him to inspire, for with His inspiration you can be invincible


Two members of the group were awarded the Medal of Honor during World War II. Colonel John R. (Killer) Kane, the group commander on the Low Level raid was awarded the medal for his leadership on that mission.

Air Force Medal of Honor Donald-Pucket

On another raid on Ploesti on 9 July 1944, Lt. Donald Pucket sacrificed his life trying to save three of his crewmembers who could not, or would not, bail out of their doomed B-24. Donald Pucket was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for his sacrifice.

The 98th continued fighting the Nazis until the war in Europe was ended by Germany’s surrender in April, 1945. The group flew a total of 417 missions and earned 15 battle streamers as well as two Presidential Unit Citations. In addition to the two Medals of Honor, thousands of medals for bravery, and for individual acts of heroism were awarded to the men of the 98th Bomb Group. 98thVictorScholten8_98thHenryChismJr 98thVol2Page104a 98thVol2Page99b Distinguished Flying Cross Air Medal

The 98th returned to the U.S. in April-May of 1945 and was re-designated the 98th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy). Following a period of preparations to transition to the B-29, the unit was deactivated on 10 November 1945. However, the 343rd, 344th, and 345th Bomb Squadrons were reassigned to other B-29 groups and designated as Very Heavy Bombardment Squadrons. The 343rd was assigned to the 40th Bomb Group at March AFB, California, and deactivated on 27 November 1946. The 344th was assigned to the 444th Bomb Group at Davis- Monthan Field at Tucson, Arizona, and deactivated on 1 October 1946. The 345th was assigned to the 462nd Bomb Group at McDill Field, Tampa, Florida, and deactivated on March 31, 1946.

13_98thHeading Home

The group was based at the following locations during World War II. Note: On a couple of occasions, squadrons were located at different stations during the same time frame.

MacDill Field, Tampa, Florida, 3-16 February 1942. * Barksdale Field, Shreveport, Louisiana, 16 February- 28 March 1942. Ft. Meyers, Florida, 30 March-17 May 1942. Drane Field, Lakeland, Florida, 17 May-11 July 1942. Ramat David, and St. Jean cialis 100mg review d’Acre, Palestine, 25July-11 November 1942. ** Fayid and El Kabrit, Egypt, 13 November 1942 -25 January1943. ** Various landing grounds in the “Western Desert,” North Africa with Benina Main, Gambut Main, and Lete (also Lethe), Libya, as the principal stations. 25 January-21 September 1943. Herglia, Tunisia ,21 September -17 November 1943. Brendisi, Italy, 17 November -20 December 1943. Manduria, Italy, 20 December 1943 -18 January 1944. Lecce (Fortunato Cesare Airdrome), Italy, 18 January 1944 -19 April 1945. Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia, 29 April-May 1945. Fairmont Army Airfield, Fairmont, Nebraska, May 1945 – June 1945. *** McCook Army Airfield, McCook, Nebraska, 25 June 1945-10 November 1945. * A “paper” organization at MacDill; no personnel assigned. ** During these periods the 98th operated from two stations.*** Return of the 98th to the ZI was mostly to leave status. A small cadre was sent to Fairmont to prepare for training before

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deployment to the Pacific Theater.
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